Jodhpur history revolves around the Rathore Clan. Rao Jodha, the chief of the Rathore clan, is credited with the origin of Jodhpur in India. He founded Jodhpur in 1459. The city is named after him only. It was previously known as Marwar. The following paragraphs will tell you more about the past of Jodhpur, Rajasthan.
The Rathores were driven out of their original homeland, Kaunaj, by
Afghans. They fled to Pali, near to the present day Jodhpur. Rathore
Siahaji married the sister of a local prince. This helped the Rathores
to establish and strengthen themselves in this region. In some time they
ousted the Pratiharas of Mandore, just 9 km of today's Jodhpur.
Initially, Mandore served as their capital, but, by 1459, Rathores felt
a need for a secure capital. This lead to the formation of Jodhpur, the
Sun City, by Rao Jodha.
The Rathores enjoyed good relations with all the Mughals, except
Aurangzeb. Maharaja Jaswant Singh even supported Shahjahan in his
struggle for succession. After Aurangzeb's death, Maharaja Ajit Singh
drove out Mughals from Ajmer and added it to Marwar (now Jodhpur). Under
the reign of Maharaja Umed Singh, Jodhpur grew into a fine modern city.
During the British Raj, the state of Jodhpur was the largest in
Rajputana, by land area. Jodhpur prospered under the British Raj. Its
merchants, the Marwaris, flourished endlessly. They came to occupy a
dominant position in trade throughout India. In 1947 India became
independent and the state merged into the union of India. Jodhpur became
the second city of Rajasthan.